An international team of researchers has mapped Nemo’s genome, (the orange clownfish) providing the research community with an invaluable resource to decode the response of fish to environmental changes, including climate change.

In a breakthrough study led by the ARC Centre of Excellence for Coral Reef Studies (Coral CoE) at James Cook University, and the King Abdullah University of Science and Technology (KAUST), researchers used high-tech sequencing tools to create one of the most complete genetic maps for the orange clownfish, a common reef inhabitant and star of the Disney movie, Finding Nemo.

Researchers have produced a genetic map of the iconic orange clownfish.

“This genome provides an essential blueprint for understanding every aspect of the reef fish’s biology,” said lead author Dr Robert Lehmann of KAUST in Saudi Arabia.

“It contains 26,597 protein coding genes. And like the world’s largest jigsaw puzzle, it took patience and time to assemble.”

The orange clownfish, Amphiprion percula, is not only the most recognised reef fish on Earth, but also one of the most highly studied.

The orange clownfish is one of the most important species for studying the ecology and evolution of coral reef fishes.

“This species has been central to ground-breaking research in the ecological, environmental and evolutionary aspects of reef fishes,” said co-author Professor Philip Munday of Coral CoE at James Cook University in Australia.

“For example, the clownfish is a model for studying sex change in fishes. It has also helped us understand patterns of larval dispersal in reef fishes and it’s the first fish species for which it was demonstrated that predator avoidance behaviour could be impaired by ocean acidification.”

The team used state-of-the-art technology to sequence the clownfish’s genome. Their genomic and transcriptomic data is now available via the Nemo Genome DB database at

The new genome assembly provides an essential blueprint for understanding every aspect of the orange clownfish’s biology.

“The clownfish comprises approximately 939 million nucleotides that needed to be fitted together,” said co-author Professor Timothy Ravasi of KAUST.

“This is an extremely valuable resource for the research community and will further establish the orange clownfish as an ideal lab subject for genetics and genomic studies.”

“This is one of the most complete fish genomes ever produced,” said co-author Professor David Miller of Coral CoE at James Cook University.

“Using the PacBio single molecule, real-time sequencing technology, enabled us to achieve a polished result.”

Genetic mapping clownfish

Local scientists have joined forces with international experts to map the genetics of the much loved clown fish. #7News

Posted by 7 News Townsville on Tuesday, 11 September 2018

The paper “Finding Nemo’s Genes: A chromosome-scale reference assembly of the genome of the orange clownfish, Amhiprion percula” is published today in the journal Molecular Ecology Resources.

Images available here

This research is dedicated to the memory of Dr Sylvain Forêt, a brilliant scientist, co-author, colleague and friend.

Prof Philip Munday
Coral CoE
+61 (0)7 4781 5341 (AEST/ GMT +10)
Dr Robert Lehmann
E: Timothy Ravasi
P: +61 (0) 491333697 (PDT/ GMT -7)
Catherine Naum
Communications Manager
ARC Centre of Excellence for Coral Reef Studies
P: +61 (0) 0428 785 895, +61 (0)7 4781 6067 (AEST/ GMT +10)
E: Ponto
Communications – Editorial and Global Media Manager
King Abdullah University of Science and Technology
P: +966 (54) 470 1668 (AST/ GMT +3)

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